Cart emptied: g1 shows the drop in purchasing power of R$ 200 in two years | Economy

Whoever does the math has already noticed: supermarket prices are getting higher and higher. In April, the preview of official inflation in Brazil, measured by the IPCA-15, accumulated a high of 12.03% in 12 months.

Among the items that increased the most in the period, the carrot takes the trophy, up 195%. Tomatoes and zucchini complete the podium, rising 117.48% and 86.83%, respectively.

If you think you can put fewer and fewer purchases in your shopping cart, it’s not just an impression: the value of money is “shrinking” even. Especially when buying food and drinks.

  • In 5 years, real lost 30% of its purchasing power
  • Basic basket items rise up to 117% in a year and compromise more than half of the minimum wage

Market cost exploded

To demonstrate how high inflation directly affects Brazilians’ purchasing power, the g1 made a comparison between the maximum amount of items that could be placed in the supermarket cart with BRL 200 in March 2020, 2021 and 2022considering the average values ​​of basic products.

The prices were released by a partnership between Procon-SP and Dieese (Inter-Union Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies).

They were chosen, from the items of the basic basket:

  • 13 products between food (rice, beans, coffee, egg, meat, chicken, milk, potato, French bread, sugar, oil, flour and margarine);
  • 2 hygiene items (toilet paper and toothpaste); and
  • 2 for cleaning (soap powder and multipurpose cleaner).

In March 2020, to fill the cart with these items, the consumer needed R$ 126.28. In March of this year, BRL 189.52 was needed – a 50% rise.

See in the art below the price of each item – and the full cart – in March of each year:

The same shopping cart jumps more than R$ 60 in two years — Photo: G1

With the skyrocketing prices, the Brazilian who goes to the market with R$ 200 leaves today with a much emptier cart than two years ago.

In the simulation performed by g1it would need to be left on the shelf in March of this year (compared to 2 years before):

  • 1 dozen eggs
  • 1 kg of beans
  • 1 liter of milk
  • 1 kg of meat
  • 1 pack of toilet paper
  • 1 kg of chicken
  • 1 packet of sugar
  • 1 multipurpose cleaner
  • 1 liter of soy oil
  • 1 kg of wheat flour
  • 1 margarine

See the simulation below:

High inflation reduces the purchasing power of Brazilians — Photo: g1

How much was $50 worth?  See the drop in purchasing power since 2013

How much was $50 worth? See the drop in purchasing power since 2013

Explanations for discharge

According to Procon-SP, the price variations of the basic basket products happened for different reasons. Included in the account: excess or shortage in supply or demand, commodity prices, exchange rate variations, stock formation and tax relief, in addition to seasonal and climatic issues.

Potatoes, for example, which jumped from R$4.80 per kilo to R$6.35 in the 12 months, were affected by excessive rainfall, which “caused both a reduction in the harvest and a drop in productivity in some of the producing regions”, says the Procon report.

Tomatoes, sugar and beans also suffered from a decrease in the production area. For sugar, the higher demand for ethanol also contributed.

The prices of eggs and chicken rose because production costs increased, mainly due to the appreciation of corn and soybean meal.

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