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Career in IT: how to start earning more | Technology

The ever-increasing demand, the possibility of working from home and salaries that can reach R$40,000 accelerate the turnover in the IT field.

A global survey by the consultancy Gartner points out that only one in three workers in the sector intends to remain in their current job. The proportion is even smaller – just one in four – when it comes to professionals working in Latin America.

  • IT career guide: professions, salaries, where to start and how to develop in technology

Don’t just stay in the exchange of six for half a dozen and “charge up” your career, in fact, it will depend on agility to learn and investment in skills that go beyond technical knowledgesay the experts heard by the g1.

That’s because many of the positions that pay more, such as executives, involve leading teams, having a business vision and knowing how to listen to what the customer wants. The “chiefs” (Chief Information Officer, Chief Technology Officer and Chief Security Officer) are in first place in the list of the Robert Half consultancy’s guide, with salaries that are close to R$ 50 thousand.

Will I have to lead the team to earn more?

Not necessarily. The same guide points out that the average salary of a front-end developer (who takes care of the visual part of websites and apps) can reach BRL 19,350 for the specialist level. A manager in the same area has a salary starting at R$17,050.

The founder of recruitment consultancy ClockTI, Aline Oliveira, explains that IT professionals can follow the call “Y” career.

At a certain point, they have the chance to move to a side of leadership and team coordination or to remain in the same activity, but as a specialist in that role.

In some cases, a professional who is a reference in a certain most popular language on the market, such as Python or JavaScript, can earn up to twice as much as a manager, says Aline.

Specialist professional can earn up to twice as much as a manager — Photo: Hack Capital/Unsplash

But you need to communicate

That image of the “IT guy” as the “nerd” who stays in a corner of the office and doesn’t talk to anyone needs to be broken by anyone who wants to progress in his career. “Introversion has nothing to do with communication: there are people with this behavioral trait who talk and relate very well to clients”, says Aline.

Even those who do not have plans to become a manager need to develop behavioral skills, the so-called “soft skills”, in English jargon.

The main qualities that need to be used in everyday life are:

  • good communication with the team and with customers;
  • ability to solve problems;
  • resistance to work under pressure;
  • ease of adapting to novelties and unforeseen events.

Learn: to develop these characteristics, the professional can look for courses outside the technical area. To improve communication, for example, it may be worth betting on a theater course.

Practice: Participating in meetings, presentations, events and group work is very important. And always ask for feedback from close colleagues, to identify points that need to be developed”, indicates Anne Lesinhovski, front-end developer. She owns an Instagram profile about career tips in this area, with more than 24 thousand followers.

Business vision is different

Being interested in the business area and demonstrating knowledge in this aspect values ​​the “pass” of a professional, teaches Jhonata Emerick, FIA professor and founder of data analysis startup Datarisk.

“It’s no use taking course after course without understanding what the market is asking for”, completes Anne Lesinhovski.

Emerick recommends listen to podcasts that cover the area (IdeaCast, data hackersamong others) and make the reading tech company earnings reports that are publicly traded. This type of document is published quarterly and is available on the investor relations websites of companies such as Magazine Luiza, Nubank, Vale, Itaú, among others.

“An IPO document is very detailed, with strategies, business ideas that have been tested [pela empresa]. You can make cool connections with technology”, says the professor.

IT professional with business acumen has a differential in the market — Photo: Sigmund/Unsplash

Follow people who are reference: Every year, LinkedIn publishes a “top voices” list of personalities worth following in a variety of industries, including technology.

Continue in communities: participating in discussion groups, having relationships with people who have to do with the chosen technical area and knowing the main topics of today is not only useful when looking for your first job.

It was in this exchange of ideas with other developers that 25-year-old mobile programmer Thaíssa Candella realized that there was “life beyond code”. Despite enjoying the activity, the professional realized the opportunity to evolve in her career as developer relations, a name in English for people focused on creating relationships and content for the programming community.

Currently, Thaíssa is education manager at Grupo Primo and an ambassador for Women Techmakers, Google’s program to encourage the development of women in the area.

5 tips that apply to any change

Study the job that is your goal: Whether trying to get a promotion at your current job or applying for a job, the professional need to get informed and run after the requirements and skills that are requested. For example: a cloud security specialist will need to demonstrate that they have experience with the most common solutions on the market, that they work with languages ​​used for automation (Python, Node.JS, and others) and that they have certifications or data protection domain .

show what you know: According to LinkedIn, recruiters are often looking for specific technology backgrounds and certifications. Both in the summary and in the field of licenses and training, it is important to highlight these differentials. For those who want to be a data engineer, for example, the most common skills are Apache Spark, Hadoop and Hive. For systems development analyst, Scrum, AngularJS and Microsoft SQL Server.

Stay tuned for announcements: in general, companies open internal recruitments when a new post appears. The professional can also learn about these movements by participating in groups on corporate communicators and talking to colleagues from different teams.

Communicate the desire for change: One way to show interest in a new area is to be present in groups on the subject in the corporate communicator (Slack, Teams or other). Having close contact with those who work in the desired sector also helps. Anyone who feels ready to take on the new responsibility can speak with industry leaders involved about availability for future opportunities.

If so, change company: those who feel stagnant should seek new opportunities in the market. The area is so hot that people change jobs after a few months.. Aline indicates care with excessive exchanges so as not to get the reputation of a professional who is not committed to the companies where she goes. Prepare yourself for this question by listing your contribution to the projects you worked on, even if for a short period of time. Again, it’s worth studying the vacancies and comparing your resume with the requested requirements.

Professionals can work as freelancers and get paid per project — Photo: Anthony Riera/Unsplash

How to work as a freelancer

Another reflection of the companies’ need is the hiring of freelancers, self-employed professionals, who are paid per project or “job”. Some companies also allow their employees to talk these “frills” in their free time, which can increase income.

Search projects on specific sites: Sites like Freelancer.com, Fiverr, Workana, Find a Nerd and 99 Jobs can be used for professionals to find projects. These services charge a commission that may represent a percentage of the amount negotiated with the customer or have a fixed pricedepending on the chosen platform.

Develop a reputation: in addition to improving earnings, even for those who already have a job, self-employment can help create contacts with other companies and professionals of the area and serve as a way to achieve a better position in the technology market.

It is necessary to negotiate: anyone who wants to act independently needs to gather negotiation skills in addition to technical knowledge to sell your work. For this, it is essential to build a good portfolio on Github, be attentive to the level of expertise required in each project and be able to bargain for terms and prices.

“Those who work as a freelancer can have a more complicated journey because they are practically alone”, warns Aline Oliveira, from ClockTI.

With remote work more popular and the real devalued against the dollar and the euro, there is a tendency for companies around the world to hire professionals in markets such as Brazil.

One study by consultancy Robert Half indicates that hiring a Brazilian developer can be up to 40% cheaper to a foreign company compared to the amount paid to an American worker of equivalent knowledge.

Specialists in software development are the most coveted, point out the sources heard by g1.

THE knowledge in English, even if only intermediate, is essential – even for vacancies in countries that do not have the language as their main language.

Here’s how to find potential jobs:

  • Keep an eye out for specialized sites: In addition to LinkedIn, you can search for jobs on sites such as Toptal, Turing, StackOverflow and Relocate.me. Those who want to work on a per-project basis can look for opportunities on Fiverr, Upwork and Freelancer.com.
  • Have an English profile ready: LinkedIn allows you to create a version of your personal page in two or more languages, which makes it easier for foreign recruiters. The social network is a good place to search for jobs, filtering by “remote work” and selecting the “Worldwide” option in the location field.
  • Keep Github up to date: It is very likely that recruiters do not know the university or school you attended. A project portfolio is a simple way to prove your skill, as English is the language of most programming languages.

Although hiring platforms offer the possibility of remote work, whoever is willing can move abroad. That was the case of front-end developer Jean Schwab, 36, who decided to go to Portugal.

Jean Schwab, 36, is a front-end developer — Photo: Personal Archive

In addition to the attractive salary, the company offered to pay for the necessary documentation for him to live and work in the European country.

After ten months, however, he returned home. Schwab says that could not adapt to the culture of the Portuguese company – and had “miserable days”.

“It was the first time I left Brazil to work abroad and I noticed the loneliness of my friends. Living in another country, no matter how much you speak the same language, is something that nothing in life prepares you for”, says the developer.

According to him, even those who are immigrating with a certain job are still a minority and may end up suffering prejudice.

Now, Schwab lives in Curitiba and works remotely for a Canadian company. But he plans to move abroad again. “The new company offers absurd structure and support for outsiders,” he says. “The staff was more receptive and friendly. I was traumatized, but now I feel on a much more comfortable path.”

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