Representatives of the federal government and the National Electric Energy Agency (Aneel) defended this Thursday (12), during a hearing in the Chamber, the cut in the ICMS that is levied on electricity bills as a means of making energy cheaper in the country.
The Tax on Circulation of Goods and Services (ICMS) is a state tax. According to Anel, on average 30.5% of the total value of an electricity bill corresponds to taxeswith ICMS alone accounting for 21.3%.
There were no state representatives at the hearing. The g1 tried to hear the advice of state government finance secretaries and was waiting for a response until the last update of this report.
The public hearing debated the recent readjustments authorized by Aneel for electricity bills in the country. It occurs after the Chamber of Deputies approves the urgency of processing a bill that suspends these readjustments, which in some cases exceed 20%.
The government and the electricity sector are concerned about the initiative. The readjustments are foreseen in the contracts of the distributors, they follow pre-established rules, and an eventual non-compliance can lead, for example, to legal disputes and the payment of indemnities to the companies.
Chamber may accelerate vote on text that suspends readjustment
During the public hearing, the deputy secretary for Electric Energy at the Ministry of Mines and Energy, Domingos Romeu Andreatta, defended the approval of a proposal for an amendment to the Constitution (PEC), currently being processed in Congress, which limits the tax rate to 10%. of ICMS on the electricity tariff.
“In the case of Ceará, the ICMS represents 28.8% of the final price of electric energy. This is also a project that brings us a lot of interest”, he said.
On the possibility of the Chamber suspending the 2022 readjustments, Andreatta said that the measure “may create a climate of legal uncertainty” and even “significantly impact the future costs of electricity” in Brazil.
“We preach, here in the electricity sector, legal security and respect for contracts, because that is what has brought many investors,” he added.
The deputy secretary of Electric Energy of the Ministry of Mines and Energy defended, as a structuring measure, the approval of the bill that modernizes the electric sector by opening the free energy market to all consumers.
Currently, only industries and large companies can buy energy directly from the supplier. Small businesses and residential customers are served by distributors in their regions.
The superintendent of Tariff Management at Aneel, Davi Antunes Lima, defended a temporary reduction in the ICMS rate that is levied on electricity bills.
He pointed out that, as the ICMS rate is levied on the total amount of the bill and the price of energy in the country has gone up, the collection of states with the tax has grown.
This, in Lima’s assessment, opens the door for states to reduce the tax rate on electricity bills.
“Considering that this increase in revenue is a lot, if the state made the rate a little more flexible, it could reduce the cost to the consumer by up to 5%”, he added.
Lima pointed out that the tax burden on electricity in Brazil is high and detailed the costs embedded in electricity bills.
According to him, in an electricity bill:
- 30.5% of the amount, on average, is to pay taxes, being 21.3% ICMS (state tax) and 9.2% PIS/Cofins (federal taxes);
- 25.7% to cover energy generation costs;
- 22% to cover the energy distribution service;
- 11.9% to cover energy transmission costs; and
- 9.9% to fund subsidies.
Lima also defended that the Energy Development Account – a fund used to fund actions and subsidies granted by the government in the energy sector – be funded by all taxpayers (companies and individuals), via the Union Budget.
Today, this bill, around R$ 30 billion a year, is paid for by the energy consumer themselves, through a charge included in the electricity bill.