A paper published in the U.S. National Library of Medicine explains this as follows:
“Xanthomas are localized lipid deposits in the organ system. Although they are initially benign, they are often an important visible sign of systemic disease.
They can affect almost all anatomical regions and organ systems of the human body, but tend to show a tendency to the skin and subcutaneous tissue.
Not all patients with hyperlipidemia or hypercholesterolemia they develop xanthomas. However, the presence of xanthomatous lesions may serve as a unique and important clinical indicator of these metabolic conditions.“.
Familial hypercholesterolemia is a condition caused by inherited genetic changes. This disease affects how the body processes cholesterol.
What produces cholesterol in the skin?
How do you know if something that appears on the skin is a xanthoma? It is necessary to take into account a number of features of these injuries.
First of all, xanthomas usually small. “They can be up to 3 inches across,” WebMD notes.
These bumps can appear singly or in groups and on different parts of the body. The most common areas are tendons, feet, hands, joints, buttocks and eyelids.
In shape and color, these lumps are heterogeneous in shape and size and may have a shade reddish or yellowish. They can also generate itching or tendernessreports a specialized site.
Keep in mind that xanthomas can also be caused by diabetes, cirrhosis, pancreatitis, thyroid problems, and certain types of cancer.
How can I know if I have high cholesterol?
It is well known that high cholesterol often causes no symptoms, but along with the appearance of xanthoma, there are other signs that may warn that something is wrong with the level of cholesterol.
Mayo Clinic experts say a dangerous buildup of cholesterol in the arteries can lead to chest pain, leg pain, or dizziness.
In any case, in the absence of symptoms, it is important to take cholesterol tests to find out if the cholesterol level is optimal or not.
The Spanish Heart Foundation reports that hypercholesterolemia (high cholesterol) is defined as a total cholesterol level above 200 mg/dL.
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