last weekend, a girl under the age of 10 died in the Umberto Notti hospital after suffering meningitis caused by bacteria pyogenic streptococcus, commonly known as “group A streptococcus”. The first symptoms of the girl appeared in the period from 3 to 5 July in the form of headaches and general malaise. He then had convulsions and was hospitalized last Friday and sadly passed away early Saturday morning.
The case was confirmed Andrea Falaschi, Director of the Epidemiology Division of Mendoza, who, in an interview with Radio Nihuil, referred to the bacterium and the anxiety that exists around it. There are currently no children hospitalized with pyogenic streptococcus in the province, the specialist pointed out, but confirmed that in general 13 cases were reported to the National Surveillance System..
Falaschi recalled that he had received a warning from World Health Organization (WHO) about invasive Streptococcus pyogenes infection, which “may cause mild illness to more severe illness.” In addition, he pointed out that “this is not something new”, but that since December last year, WHO has declared an alarm, because in the countries of the European Union there has been an increase in invasive diseases, especially in patients under the age of 10 years. .
The situation in Europe also had its correlations in Latin America, where the number of cases also increased. In Argentina National Epidemiological Bulletin Last week, he spoke of 118 reported cases, 16 of which have died. “We are working with all executive bodies to ensure that they notify their cases in a timely manner,” Falaschi said.
Regarding the notification, he emphasized that it is used to raise awareness of the executive bodies so that they are well notified of the cases in order to keep better statistics. In addition, he pointed out that Streptococcus pyogenic bacteria he is very sensitive to drugs, so it is difficult for us to fight him.
According to the latest National Epidemiological Bulletin published by the Ministry of Health, four provinces have the most confirmed cases. The regions that account for 75% of the confirmed cases accumulated in all of Argentina are: Buenos Aires with 35 cases, Santa Fe with 20, Chubut with 10 and Tierra del Fuego also with 10.
This virus in addition to the occurrence of acute pharyngitis, can cause various skin infections such as impetigo, cellulitis, and scarlet fever. However, in some cases it can present as a severe or invasive disease that can be fatal.
How does it spread?
streptococcal pharyngitis, a highly contagious bacterium, spreads rapidly through direct contact with infected wounds and from particles emitted by coughing, sneezing or talking. Experts warn that the incubation period for this disease can be anywhere from 1 to 3 days, highlighting the need for rapid detection and treatment.
According to the Ministry of Health, pharyngitis symptoms are: sore throat; heat; headache; abdominal pain; nausea and vomiting; redness of the pharynx and tonsils; bad breath; enlarged nodes in the neck.
From my side, regarding scarlet fever the most common symptoms are: redness and sore throat; heat; red rash with sandpaper texture; dark red skin in axillary, elbow and inguinal folds; whitish coating on the tongue or back of the throat; “crimson” language; headache; nausea or vomiting; glandular enlargement; body aches.
What precautions should be taken
Diagnosis of streptococcal pharyngitis carried out using bacterial cultures, a process that detects the presence of this bacterium in a patient’s throat. Once an infection is confirmed, doctors resort to the use of antibiotics, especially penicillin, as an effective treatment for the disease.
However, prevention plays a crucial role in controlling the transmission of this bacterium. Personal hygiene practices, such as frequent hand washing, are essential to prevent infection. In addition, experts stress the importance of avoiding self-medication with antibiotics in case of symptoms and instead seeking immediate medical attention.
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This disease can cause serious complications if not treated properly, such as rheumatic fever or post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis. Therefore, it is essential that people are aware of the transmission, diagnosis and prevention of this disease in order to prevent its spread and ensure timely treatment.
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