With the exception of clamIdea, which affects women more, other STIs are more prevalent in men.
Investigation and surveillance of sexually transmitted infectionsSTI) has greatly improved its handling over the decades, but iincrement incidence in recent years in Spainbefore twenty % in some, such as gonorrhea or chlamydia, the scientific and medical community is very concerned.
For this reason, the Carlos III Health Institute (ISCIII), studying STIs from the National Center for Epidemiology (CNE), the National Center for Microbiology (CNM) and CIBER, issued a memo accompanied by informative video raise awareness of the importance of studying and monitoring these pathologies of infectious origin.
Although the main route of transmission is sexual intercourse, there are other modes of infection caused by various microorganisms, such as viruses, bacteria, protozoa or ecotoparasites.
Because of their size, they are considered public health problem: WHO estimates that every day more than a million people become infected with STIs, in many cases asymptomatically, and that every year about 375 million new cases of the four most common, which are chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and trichomoniasis.
As ISCIII recalls, the latest available data for 2021 show increase in the incidence in Spain, so the gonorrhea infection rate per 100,000 inhabitants has risen sharply by 19% since 2010, 8% in the case of syphilis and 18% in the case of chlamydia.
With the exception of chlamys, who is suffering more women in that other STIs A great affectation in men, most in young people, although with differences depending on the disease.
These infections are of great concern to the scientific and medical community because once overcome they leave no immunity, so possible re-infection.
There is also the possibility mixed infections, indicates ISCIII, so it is necessary to make a differential diagnosis and correctly identify each of them, although one of the main problems in the treatment of these pathologies is antimicrobial resistance, which sometimes hinder treatment.
Its impact is also complications and consequences what can they leave if not diagnosed early and adequately treated, such as infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease, orchitis, epididymitis, and cancer in the case of human papillomavirus (HPV).
Many STIs also favor iHIV infection, for which there is a cure But does not healtherefore, ISCIII emphasizes the importance of both prevention as of early diagnosis.