Some human-acquired diseases are transmitted by at least 80 animal species.
These are mainly arthropods such as mosquitoes, ticks, fleas and lice. insects transmitting to animals and humans the so-called arboviruses.
Arboviruses are viruses that are transmitted the bite of these insects, interpersonal transmission through blood transfusion, organ transplantation, sexual contact. and from mother to child during childbirth, depending on the specific virus, according to MSD for Professionals.
Many of these infections are asymptomatic, so when they present this way, they start with a mild flu-like illness. can lead to hemorrhagic fever and other syndromes such as aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, arthralgia, arthritis, and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema.
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Some diseases caused by arboviruses dengue fever, yellow fever, Zika virus infection and chikungunya disease, that are transmitted from one person to another or through a mosquito.
How to prevent arbovirus infection?
According to the aforementioned portal, in order to prevent diseases such as dengue, some factors should be considered:
– Insect control.
– Prevention of insect bites with repellents.
– In some cases, vaccination.
– Avoid contact with infected animals, their products and droppings.
– Elimination of breeding sites for arthropods.
– Wear clothing that covers most of your body.
– Minimize the chance of contact with insects or mites by limiting your time in damp areas or outdoors.
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As for vaccination against certain arbovirus diseases, there are some of them, for example, yellow fever. A dengue vaccine has been approved in some countries, but its effectiveness has been shown to be dependent on immune status.serotype and age of the patient, so new vaccines for this purpose are still being studied.
Do not forget that if you feel any of the above symptoms, contact your doctor for appropriate treatment.
LUZ ANGELA DOMINGUES CORAL
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