Diabetes is a growing disease: prevention and treatment

According to the WHO, about 422 million people in the world suffer from diabetes.  Photo: Pixabay
According to the WHO, about 422 million people in the world suffer from diabetes. Photo: Pixabay

Diabetes is a metabolic condition characterized by elevated levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. This condition occurs due to the body’s inability to produce enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or the inability to use it effectively (type 2 diabetes). In addition to these two main forms, there is gestational diabetes, which affects some women during pregnancy.

Prevention of diabetes is essential to reduce its growing incidence. Here are a few basic rules that will help prevent this disease:

Maintain a healthy weight: Overweight and obesity are important risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes. Maintaining an adequate weight through a balanced diet and regular physical activity can greatly reduce this risk.

regular exercise: Regular physical activity improves insulin sensitivity and helps control blood sugar levels. At least 150 minutes of moderate activity per week is recommended.

Balanced Diet: Eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, as well as limiting added sugar and saturated fat, is critical to preventing diabetes.

Stress control: Chronic stress can increase your risk of developing diabetes. Practicing stress management techniques such as meditation or yoga can be helpful.

Regular medical check-ups: Regular health check-ups can help detect diabetes early or prevent complications in people with known diabetes.

diabetes treatment

Once diabetes has been diagnosed, treatment is necessary to maintain good disease control and prevent long-term complications. Here are common treatment options:

Insulin and oral medications: People with type 1 diabetes often require insulin injections to help regulate their blood sugar levels. For type 2 diabetes, oral medications may be prescribed to help control blood sugar levels.

Continuous Glucose Monitoring: Glucometers allow people with diabetes to monitor their sugar levels in real time and adjust their treatment accordingly.

Diet and exercise: Diet and exercise remain key components of diabetes management. A dietitian can help create a personalized meal plan, and a fitness trainer can design a suitable exercise program.

Training and support: Diabetes education and emotional support are essential. Support groups and educational resources can help people better understand and manage their illness.

Don’t forget to take regular medical check-ups: consult about the services of the British Hospital here.

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