Respiratory diseases may increase due to climate change

Governor of Boyaca

Monday, August 14, 2023

Photo: Boyaca Government

It is necessary to intensify and strengthen measures for the complex treatment and control of acute respiratory infection.

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The Boyac Health Secretariat is calling on all health stakeholders to step up acute respiratory disease (ERA) strategies to prevent its spread in the Department.

Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are a group of diseases that occur in the respiratory system and are caused by various microorganisms, such as viruses and bacteria, that begin suddenly and last less than two weeks.

According to Ludo López Diaz from the IRA and EDA program of the Secretariat of Health of Boyacá, the behavior of acute respiratory infections according to the Epidemiological Bulletin No. 30 prepared by the Public Health Surveillance Group of the Ministry of Health of Boyaca reports a notification for this epidemiological week, 2,859 cases of acute respiratory infections in polyclinics and ambulances assistance, indicating an increase in the number of cases compared to the previous week. So far this year, 91,597 cases of ARI have been reported.

He added that the most affected age group is in the pre-school group, which represents the highest proportion with 12.2% of ARIs, followed by infants with 11.7% and, in a smaller proportion, the elderly group with 1.7%.

Boyaca this week presents an incidence of 75.8 cases of acute respiratory infections per 1000 inhabitants, it should be noted that the municipalities of Kubara, Monikira, Isa, Paipa, Soata, Tunja, Guateque, San Mateo, Duitama, Socha, Samaca, Chiquinquira, Sogamoso, Toca, Boavita and Chita represent higher incidence rates in this department respectively.

The facilitator made some recommendations to reduce or prevent this type of disease, as it is imperative that the municipal administrations, headed by secretaries or local directors of health, together with the Health Insurance Plans Administration Companies (EAPB) and Health Service Provider Institutions (IPS), strengthen the treatment of acute Respiratory Diseases (ERA) through decisive action to reduce the impact of these infections on communities, especially children and the elderly.

Taking into account the current climatic conditions and recorded low temperatures, it is necessary to instruct the population so that they reasonably take the necessary measures to prevent and combat this disease, in general avoid contact with patients with influenza, Frequent hand washing with plenty of soap and water when in closed premises in crowded places, medical facilities and other dangerous places, the correct use of masks, airing the home, avoiding contact with smokers, proper nutrition, encouraging breastfeeding. milk; In addition, having a complete vaccination schedule, taking into account the importance of influenza vaccination in populations such as: girls and boys aged 6 to 23 months, people over 60 years of age, pregnant women from 14 weeks of pregnancy and immunocompromised people who are sick chronic diseases.

According to the Ministry of Health and Social Protection, in children under 5 years of age, viruses are the cause of infection in 95% of cases, with a good prognosis, but a small percentage may have complications such as otitis media, sinusitis and pneumonia, so it is necessary to point out warning signs that both parents or caregivers, we must act promptly in the event of an illness and, if necessary, contact health care providers (IPS).

He assured that it is important to look out for warning signs in children, such as: rapid breathing or rapid breathing, if his ribs collapse when breathing, if he makes strange sounds when breathing, or if he wheezes in his chest, he does not want to eat or drink and vomit everything. , fever that does not go away with medication, irritability, weakness and drowsiness, seizures or convulsions.

And in schoolchildren, adolescents and adults, choking or shortness of breath (or even a feeling of difficulty breathing), chest pain when breathing or coughing, weakness or excessive fatigue, fever over 38.5 degrees Celsius, for more than two days.

Most of these infections, such as the common cold, are mild, but depending on the general condition of the person, they can be complicated and even life-threatening, as is the case with pneumonia.

For this reason, we invite all listeners to take into account these recommendations and avoid complications in our communities, and also remember to promote spaces with a healthy emotional environment for girls, boys, the elderly and the family in general, which leads to stronger immunity. The system of our houses.

Source: Sandra Yamile Peña Soler – Press Office of the Ministry of Health – (UACP

This news was read by 1956 people

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