While Baja California ranks 16th nationally for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), Tijuana ranks first in the state with 1,088 out of 2,510 existing cases in that municipality, according to Systems Management, Logistics and Surveillance. for antiretroviral drugs (SALVAR). ).
At the end of 2022, Tijuana had 657 cases of acquired syphilis, 171 with human papillomavirus, 159 with genital herpes, 71 with congenital syphilis, and 30 with chancre. It is followed by Mexicali with 747 cases, 447 cases of acquired syphilis, 109 cases of congenital syphilis, 98 cases of genital herpes, 94 cases of human papilloma and 19 cases of chancre.
In third place is Ensenada with 570 cases: 459 cases of acquired syphilis, 71 cases of congenital syphilis, 37 cases of genital herpes and 3 cases of chancre. A total of 58 cases were registered in Tecate: 31 acquired syphilis, 19 congenital syphilis, 6 genital herpes and 2 human papillomavirus. Rosarito is in last place with 47 cases: 27 cases of acquired syphilis, 8 cases of genital herpes, 7 cases of congenital syphilis, 3 cases of human papilloma and 2 cases of chancre.
Teresa Franco Esquivel, head of the department of preventive medicine in Baja California State, said the most common STI infections are among young people between the ages of 13 and 34, largely due to a lack of sex education.
“What we have to work with our youth is health education; It is easy for them to engage in risky unprotected sex. The reality is that the average age of onset in our children is 13 years old, and from that moment on, sexually transmitted infections appear,” he said.
British Columbia ranks fifth in Mexico for HIV cases
Information from the State Secretariat of Health states that the state ranks fifth nationally in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) detection. SS currently serves 4,667 patients on antiretroviral treatment, of which 87 percent are undetected. Approximately 12 million 244 thousand 564.47 pesos have been invested in antiretroviral treatment.
Tijuana leads the list of new HIV patients in the past three years. In 2021, 721 new cases were registered; Mexicali, 156; Bay, 150; Tecate, 6; and the beaches of Rosarito, 13.
In 2022, 686 patients with the virus were identified in Tijuana; Mexicali at 140; Bay, 110; Tecate, 28; and in Playas de Rosarito at 19.
So far, Tijuana has already reported 335 new cases in 2023; Mexicali, 58; Cove, 43; Tecate, 16; and the beaches of Rosarito, 10.
However, state health secretary Adrian Medina Amarillas denied the increase in HIV cases, arguing that “we have a very robust program in Baja California, we have been nationally recognized as the federal entity that tests are most effective at detecting the virus; there may be a false impression that it has broken out, but the point is not that it has broken out, but that we are doing more tests,” said Health Minister Adrian Medina Amarillas.