What is Henoch-Scholein purpura? It is a rare inflammatory disease

Purpura of Henoch-Scholeincommonly referred to as HSP vasculitis or lgA, is a type of vascular disease in which blood vessels in some parts of the body become inflamed and secrete red blood cells, causing the characteristic purplish rash that gives it its name.

rash, its most recognizable symptom, usually occurs on the legs, feet, and buttocks, forming spots that look like small bruises. However, it is also possible that it appears on the arms, torso and face, concentrating on areas where there is pressure from clothing, such as at the line of socks or where underwear forms the waist.

However, this is not its only symptom. Purpura of Henoch-Scholein is also noticeable in the form swollen joints and it hurts, that is arthritis, which usually concentrates predominantly in the knees and ankles. This joint pain usually appears about fifteen days after the rash and leaves no sequelae or long-term damage after recovery.

Another common symptom occurs in digestive system, the victims experienced nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting and blood in the stool. When these symptoms appear, they usually appear with a rash.

The last of the symptoms is kidneysalthough this occurs only in some cases and usually does not carry a high risk. When this happens, it can be detected by the protein entering the blood or by the presence of a small amount of blood in the urine, which can be seen with the naked eye.

Causes of Henoch-Scholein purpura

The cause of the symptoms is vasculitisthat is, inflammation of the small blood vessels of the body, which causes a little bleeding, which results in the release of red blood cells that form spots.

It is not yet known exactly what causes this inflammation, although it is possible that it is caused by abnormal functioning of the immune system with certain triggers. Some of these may be an upper respiratory tract infection, other infections such as chicken pox or measles, hepatitis, pharyngitis, as well as certain foods, medicines, insect bites, and cold weather.

When a problem occurs, the protein immunoglobulin A, abbreviated as IgA, whose normal function is to fight infections, appears in the blood vessels and causes vasculitis.

Risk factors

Henoch-Scholein purpura occurs predominantly on children under 10 years old, especially in children aged 2 to 6 years, and is more common in boys than in women. Also, it is more common in white and Asian people than in African Americans.


Convenient when symptoms appear Go to the doctorespecially in pediatric patients. In most cases, they improve in as little as a month even without treatment, leaving no problems or lasting effects, although they may appear later.

In some exceptional cases, there may be severe kidney damage or intestinal obstructionsince intervention is necessary, it is therefore recommended to always consult a doctor, even if episodes of the disease have previously passed without problems.

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