plain granitea scratch, a bite can become complicated, become infected, and a slightly more serious lesion appears: impetigo.
As Dr. Raquel Fernandez, Pediatrician at Quironsalud Biscay Hospital, explains, impetigo is:
“Skin infectionproduced by bacteria, usually associated with some previous injury to the skin (scratch, bite, pimple, wound, injury…).”
In these cases, “the natural protective barrier of the skin is broken, and bacteria can penetrate through it,” the specialist explains.
Microorganisms that are most often The reason for this loss is streptococcusfrom group A and Staphylococcus aureus.
We constantly live with these bacteria, the problem is that having lost skin protection, they are able to infect us.
How to recognize impetigo
These types of infections can affect anyonealthough they are children are the main patientsespecially during the summer months and Start autumn, since humidity and high temperatures favor its appearance.
As the pediatrician explains, injuries caused by impetigo may occur”anywhere on the skinoften around nose or mouth and in arms and legs“.
At the beginning of the infection the child will only something like granite, wound or small blister. But over time these defeats
“They increase in size and take on a flaky appearance. or wet wound with yellowish eschar“.
This is exactly honey color lesion one of its main features.
It must also be taken into account that impetigo is highly contagiousso it’s usually for “in a short time spreads to various parts of the body“, – note in the Biscay Pediatric Service.
And the thing is, just by typing direct contact with the lesion infection may occur.
So, in the case of children scratch or pick at scabs or blisters, you can drag the infection onto other parts of the body.
Diagnosis and treatment
Although not a serious injuryIf it is important to see a specialist as soon as possible to prevent the spread of infection. Diagnosis is very easyjust by seeing this, the pediatrician recognizes impetigo.
“Testing or analysis is usually not required. since the appearance of the lesions is very typical and it is diagnosed just by looking at it. If in doubt, a sample can be taken for culture,” explains Dr. Fernandez.
And how is it treated? Well, since it’s a bacterial infection, it’s being fought. with antibiotics. Depending on the severity and extent of the infection
“it can be appreciated if it is given as cream (local antibiotic) or good orally (syrup, tablets or sachets), you can give a combination of both options, ”says the pediatrician.
How to prevent impetigo and how to treat it at home
Although this is not a serious problem, it is important to prevent it. AND the best way to do this is good hygiene.
Wash your hands thoroughly It is very important to avoid any infection. In the case of impetigo, it is also important that if the child has a wound or a scratch, he will look for clean and disinfect these lesions well.
In addition, the specialists of the pediatric service of the Quironsalud Biscay hospital indicate other ways to prevent infection and recurrence of the infection:
- Strictly adhere to treatment prescribe an antibiotic in case of infection.
- Extreme hygiene measures already explained.
- Avoid direct contact with lesions with other parts of the body and with other people.