why they come out and how to avoid them

Whether you love bright and flashy trends, whether you live in the era of geometric prints, or even prefer neutral, solid and elegant colors, Strong and healthy nails are the basis of a good manicure..

A common problem that can appear out of the blue: white spots on nails. But what is the reason for the appearance of these mysterious spots on the nail bed? Experts answer.

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What do white spots on nails mean and how to avoid them.

Why do white spots appear on the nails?

White patches on the nails, also known as leukonychiaThey respond for several reasons. People often think they are caused some vitamin deficiencyand they are not wrong, but the most common cause is trauma to the nail bed, that is, the base of the nail or the skin under it. Some of the more common causes include:

  • injury: Minor damage to the nails, such as hitting a hard surface or biting on them, can cause white spots. These spots are usually harmless and disappear as the nail grows.
  • nutrient deficiency: Lack of certain nutrients in the diet, such as zinc or calcium, can cause white spots on the nails.
  • fungal infection: Fungal nail infections can cause white patches as well as other symptoms such as thickening, discoloration and separation of the nail from the nail bed.
  • allergic reactions: Some people may develop white spots on their nails as a result of an allergic reaction to certain chemicals or foods.
  • Psoriasis or eczema: Psoriasis and eczema can appear on both the nails and the skin, leading to whitening of the nails. Nail psoriasis can also cause a variety of nail changes, including pitting, ridges, thickening, and discoloration. Eczema can also cause discoloration, ridges, or thickening. It is best to consult a dermatologist who will be able to recommend the appropriate treatment for you depending on the case.
  • Other diseases: Some diseases, such as liver or kidney disease, or even heavy metal poisoning (arsenic) can cause white spots on the nail plates.
  • Side effects of drugs: Some medicines can cause white spots on the nails. These include chemotherapy drugs used to treat cancer, sulfonamides used to treat bacterial infections, arthritis pain relievers, diabetes medications, etc.

In most cases, white spots on the nails are harmless and go away on their own. However, if you are concerned about the appearance of your nails or have other symptoms, it is recommended that you see a doctor or dermatologist for an evaluation. If you accidentally hit the nail bed, go a day without a manicure, or overwork your cuticles, “air will get trapped between the layers of the nail, creating a bubble that will grow over time,” says Jenny Draper. ambassador of the OPI.


White patches on the nails are known as leukonychia.

White spots on the nails appear in people of any complexion?

Yes, leukonychia can appear on the nails of people of any complexion, from fair-skinned to dark-skinned. It is not related to a person’s skin type and therefore can affect people of different races and nationalities. In any case, it may manifest itself a little differently. Normally, if the color of the nail bed is lighter, it will be less distinguishable.

To learn more

How are white spots on nails diagnosed?

Medical professionals are able to quickly identify and diagnose white spots on the nails as leukonychia if for some reason you are not completely sure. During the visit, the doctor should examine your nails and ask about any recent injury, chemical exposure, or underlying health conditions that may be contributing to these white spots.

In some cases, your doctor may do additional tests or order a blood test to rule out nutritional deficiencies or other conditions that may be causing leukonychia. If you see recurring white spots, this could be an underlying health issue that is showing up through the nail bed.

Can white spots be filed or polished?

If the cause is an injury that started deep in the nail, you’ll have to sand too many layers to get to the white, which will further weaken the nail so it won’t help.

How to prevent white spots on nails?

According to Lynn Gray, an expert at Mavala, you should also pay special attention to your cuticles: “You have to be very careful with the cuticle area, because if you go too far, you can cause stress on the nails, which will show up as white spots, stretch marks or weakness. Use a cuticle remover once a week, apply it to the area and wait a few minutes for the cuticle to dissolve; You can then gently push back the cuticles with an orange stick wrapped in cotton. “For better nail contour and softer cuticles, use a cuticle cream or oil every day, preferably at night before bed.”

The best cuticle products you can try right now:

Is there a product that removes white spots?

If your white spots are due to a nail injury, you will have to wait until it grows back. However, “if it’s due to wearing gel or polish, try to gently buff and apply a cuticle oil like OPI ProSpa Nail & Cuticle Oil, €17, Look Fantastic for protection and prevention,” Jennie says.

Actually, Cuticle oil is the best way to prevent white spots on your nails as it hydrates and strengthens them.. Jennie adds: “A good moisturizing primer also helps and should be applied before buffing the nails.”

The best basics you can try right now:

Does Diet Affect Strong Nail Growth?

When it comes to diet, white patches can be associated with certain deficiencies, although this is relatively rare. If you suspect this might be the cause, it’s best to visit your doctor to have it looked at.

Meanwhile, There Are Certain Foods That Help Strengthen Nails. Yvonne Bishop Weston, Harley Street Nutritionist, recommends proteins such as fish, nuts, seeds and beanswhich will help strengthen keratinthe main protein of nails.

The best oils for cuticles:

To learn more about Shay MammonGlamor UK Beauty Writer, follow her on Instagram @sheimona

This article was originally published on glamor

Translation and adaptation: Blanca de Almandos

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